Fitness, body building, Stretching, Cardio exercice, Body Parts And Anatomy
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Anatomy and Exercises
Find out what functions your muscles perform and how they work
Click on each muscle group below to receive a detailed explanation, its exact location, functions and common activities that the muscle is used for, including the best strength training exercises for that muscle.
Learn what your muscles look like inside you and where they are in your body

Exercises that work the Abdominals (Abs, rectus abdominis)
The Abdominals are composed of several muscles: the Rectus Abdominus, Transverse Abdominus, and the External and Internal Obliques.

Exercises that work the Adductors (Hip Adductors, inner thigh)
The Adductors are a group of muscles that include: the Adductor Magnus, Longus and Brevis, the Gracilis and the Pectineus.

Exercises that work the back muscles ( trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboid major, levator scapulae, erector spinae)
The human back is the large posterior area of the human body, rising from the top of the buttocks to the back of the neck and the shoulders.

Exercises that work the Biceps (Biceps Brachii, short head and long head)
The Biceps Brachii is attached to the forearm bone called the radius and originates at the scapula in two places (the Bicep gets it's name from these two heads - called the short head and the long head).

Exercises that work calves (Gastrocnemius, Soleus)
The Gastrocnemius is the calf muscle that is visible from the outside of the body. It attaches to the heel with the Achilles Tendon and originates behind the knee on the femur, crossing two joints.

Exercises that work the Pectoralis muscles (Aka Pecs, Pectoralis Major, Pectoralis Minor)
The Pectoralis Major muscles (also known as the Pecs) are located on the front of the rib cage.

Exercises that work the Glutes (Butt, Gluteus Maximus, Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Minimus
The Gluteus Maximus is one of the largest and strongest muscles in the body.

Exercises that work the Hamstrings (Semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris)
The Hamstrings are actually comprised of three separate muscles: the Biceps Femoris, Semitendinosus and Semimembranosus.

Exercises that work the Quadriceps (Vastus Medialis, Vastus lateralis, Vastus intermedius, Rectus Femoris)
The Quadriceps are a group of four muscles that sit on the anterior or front aspect of the thigh.

Exercises that work the shoulders (Deltoid Anterior, Deltoid Lateral, Deltoid Posterior)
The Deltoid is a three headed muscle that caps the shoulder.

Exercises that work the Triceps (Triceps Brachii, Lateral head, Medial head, Long head)
The Triceps Brachii has three heads which connect the humerus and scapula to the forearm bone called the ulna. These heads are known as the Lateral, Medial, and Long heads.

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Muscles Safety
Training tips
  • Maintain your ideal body weight. The more you weigh, the more stress you are putting on your joints, especially your hips, knees, back and feet.
  • Move your body. Exercise protects joints by strengthening the muscles around them. Strong muscles keep your joints from rubbing against one another, wearing down cartilage. We can help you get started on an exercise program that works for you.
  • Stand up straight. Good posture protects the joints in your neck, back, hips and knees.
  • Pace yourself. Alternate periods of heavy activity with periods of rest. Repetitive stress on joints for long periods of time can accelerate the wear and tear that causes osteoarthritis.
  • Listen to your body. If you are in pain, don't ignore it. Pain after activity or exercise can be an indication that you have overstressed your joints.
  • Don't be static. Changing positions regularly will decrease the stiffness in your muscles and joints.
  • Forget the weekend warrior. Don't engage in activities your body for which your body isn't prepared. Start new activities slowly and safely until you know how your body will react to them. This will reduce the chance of injury.
  • Wear proper safety equipment. Don't leave helmets and wrist pads at home. Make sure you get safety gear that is comfortable and fits appropriately.
  • Ask for help. Don't try to do a job that is too big for you to handle. Get another pair of hands to help out.
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